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Times and Seasons

"Truth Will Prevail."

Vol. 2 No. 14.] City of Nauvoo, Ill. May 15,1841 [Whole No. 26.

Times and Seasons.

City of Nauvoo,

Saturday, May 15, 1841

The Jews.

Among the various nations which have flourished on the stage of life, there is none whose history is more interesting, or which ought to occupy the saints more, than that of the house of Israel. Descended from an ancient and honorable stock, and chosen by divine command, to be a peculiar people, distinct and separate from all others on the face of the earth, that they might keep the statutes and judgments of the Most High, and be a light and an example to all surrounding nations.

Whether we trace their history while surrounded with the blessing and privileges enjoyed in the land of Canaan, or while in captivity, and under circumstances of humiliation and wretchedness, there is something peculiar-something striking in their character and procedure, both individually and nationally.

To follow them through the various scenes in which they have been called to act a conspicuous part, different feelings occupy the mind, which linger in sorrow, when we consider, that for near two thousand years, their houses have been left desolate, their harps have been unstrung, the voice of joy and gladness have not been heard; their enemies in possession of their lands and holy places, which, above all others, were the most dear to them; 'their holy and beautiful house, where their fathers worshipped, destroyed, and all their pleasant places laid waste,' while they, scattered and pealed, have had to wander, like fugitives through the world, and have become a hiss and a by word among all people. But there is no necessity for the mind to settle down in gloomy melancholy at their present state, but to look forward, and through the glass of scripture, contemplate a scene of glory and excellency, far surpassing their former exaltation, and beyond the glory and honor of any other nation under heaven.

To the saints of the last days, especially, who through obedience to the gospel, claim a relationship with their father Abraham, the events, which have transpired from the time they became a people to the present, must be doubly interesting.

There are many things recorded in the scriptures, respecting them prior to the destruction of their beloved city, which shed considerable light on their history and future prospects, and, which shew [show] forth the power and majesty of Jehovah, and also, his loving kindness and tender mercies. Their sojourn in Egypt, their exit there from, their wanderings in the wilderness, their settlement in Canaan, their captivity, &c., all afford materials to the contemplative mind, and present before it, all that is great and grovelling [groveling] in man, and all that is glorious, compassionate and just in our Heavenly Father.

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Their situation since their rejection of the Messiah, altho' painful to contemplate, is full of interest, and shows to a demonstration, that all those things have come upon them, which were spoken by the prophets and by the Savior, respecting their degradation and overthrow. From the historians who have written since the death of the Savior, many facts are related, which show that the predictions of the ancient prophets, have been fulfilled, and likewise many things respecting their history which are worthy of being handed down from generation to generation. We intend to make such selections, and publish from time to time, such of their proceedings, and anecdotes, which we hope will meet with the approval of our readers, and will illustrate their peculiar attachment to their ancient faith, their ardent love for the land of their fathers, their bravery and indommitable [indomitable] spirit in war, and likewise their unwavering belief of their final restoration to the land of Canaan.

In whatever light the Jews may be looked upon by the world, it is evident, that they will ere long assume an important attitude. That they will "rise from the dust," gather up from their long dispersions, return to their much loved lands, re-build the Temple, and again take the lead among the nations of the earth, is abundantly proven from the word of God.

The assurance of these things, are calculated to raise feelings of no ordinary kind in the bosom of every Saint of God. It was the anticipation of the glorious events connected with the return of the Jews, and the building of the Temple, that caused the sweet singer of Israel to tune to sweetest harmony, and strike his golden lyre in praises to the Lord, and which called forth the unrivalled [unrivaled] eloquence of Isaiah, and the pathos of Jeremiah, who, while contemplating the scenes which are now about to be fulfilled upon the heads of the Jews, broke forth into such sublime and delightful strains; which have a powerful effect upon every mind, and carry conviction, that the writers were then under the operation of the spirit of Him who has said, "I am a Father to Israel and Ephraim is my first born."

Not only have we "the more sure word of prophesy," but the events which have recently transpired, on the old continents, have been gradually preparing the way for Israel to gather to the places where their fathers once flourished, and which are endeared to them by unnumbered pleasing and interesting associations, calculated to raise and give scope to the most lively feelings of the heart.

But it is not their mere gathering together, that awakens such interest in the bosom of the saint of God; but the glorious events which necessarily grow out of the same. We not only contemplate the ancient covenant people of the Lord, restored to happiness, and in the enjoyment of power, wealth, and immense influence, but the much more sublime and glorious spectacle of the glories of Heaven's King resting down upon them, the veil which has long shrouded them in darkness, for ever rent assunder [asunder] , the spirit of grace and supplication poured out upon them, the Savior appearing in their midst, shewing [showing] his hands, his feet, and side, while twice ten thousand tongues, in one commingling strain and glorious exhaltation sing, "BLESSED IS HE THAT COMETH IN THE NAME OF THE LORD. HOSANNA, HOSANNA IN THE HIGHEST, AMEN, AND AMEN."

"Come thou glorious day of promise,

Come and spread thy cheerful ray

When the scattered sheep of Israel

Shall no longer go astray;

When Hosannas

With united voice they cry.

Lord, how long wilt thou be angry?

Shall thy wrath for ever burn?

Rise, redeem thine ancient people,

Their transgressions from them turn.

King of Israel

Come and set thy people free.

O that soon thou would'st to Jacob

Thine enliv'ning spirit send;

Of their unbelief and misery

Make, O Lord, a speedy end.

Lord, Messiah,

Prince of Peace, o'er Israel reign.

Glory, honour [honor], praise and power,

Be unto the Lamb for ever;

Jesus Christ is our Redeemer,

Hallelujah! Hallelujah!

Praise ye the Lord!

Hallelujah! Praise the Lord."

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From the "Gospel Reflector."

The present condition of the religious world represented by the similitude of a dream.

As I was reposing one day in a beautiful grove, and meditating upon the present condition of the world, my mind became lost as to the things that were around me, and I fell into a deep sleep and dreamed a dream; and behold I was carried away and set down in a great field, and it was filled with a numerous concourse of people who seemed to be in great confusion, and they did not appear to agree with each other, but walked in different directions.-When I saw this I marveled greatly, and when I viewed them more closely, I discovered they were people of all ranks and grades of society; and what still more astonished me, was, they were people from all the nations of the earth. I also discovered that they were engaged in several different exercises. I enquired [inquired] of one that stood by what this meant, he told me that it was their several exercises in religious worship. While beholding the heathen part of this company I was much pained to see the awful cruelties that they inflicted upon themselves during their ceremonies;-I exclaimed, O ignorance! thou foul monster, why has thou so much degraded this people?

I then turned my attention to that part of the multitude that professed Christianity. As I drew near and entered into the midst of the company, I was asked if I enjoyed religion, and belonged to any society; I answered and made known my condition, hoping to receive such instructions as would relieve my mind, and remove the burden from it. I entered into conversation with several and found them to have opposite opinions. Some manifested a warm zeal for their cause and strenuously opposed others; and others were more candid. At this warring about creeds, and clashing of opinions, I was astonished, for they all pretended to prove their sentiments true by the bible. I was mush disgusted and was about to turn from the scene in despair; but several gathered around me who tried to persuade me to embrace their several creeds. Some said this difference of opinion was of minor consequence. I soon turned from the scene of contention about creeds and listened to hear some of them give their descriptions of the glory, majesty and beauty of heaven: also the advantage of being a Christian. On the other hand some attempted to describe the woes and pains of hell what will be inflicted upon those who disobey the commands of God. This produced much contention among them; some said there was a hell, others said there was none. I was also displeased at this, and was bout to turn away and have nothing more to do with religion or its votaries: but being urged by all parties to read the scriptures and satisfy myself,-which I resolved to do; but when I thoroughly examined them for myself I found that the mass of the christian part of this company were professing one thing, and living by another. In order to reconcile my mind to this I was cited to learned men to get an explanation of the scriptures. I called on them, and truly they made much exertion to explain the scriptures to my satisfaction, and at the same time to suit their creeds. With their fine speeches, and the rehearsing of popular traditions, and through the means of the modern spiritualizing system I was in part converted to their opinions. Therefore, I resolved to embrace some popular doctrine, and float with the current of popularity. I then forsook candid investigation, and commenced to support a party and abide by the teaching of men. But before I was so deeply involved in party spirit that I could not be prevailed upon to investigate for myself, the scene was changed, and I was rescued: before bigotry and superstition had fastened their serpent fangs upon me, I was aroused to see my situation.

Suddenly there appeared a cloud which hovered over the multitude, having a singular appearance, being accompanied with a terrible noise. The bustle and noise of the multitude was soon hushed, and a profound silence reigned in its stead, whilst every eye looked upon this singular phenomenon with wonder and astonishment. And behold, there appeared a personage in sight that was descending through the ethereal sky, and bending his course towards the field that contained the

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multitude. I was much astonished at this scene, and wondered with great admiration. All still continued in silence, wondering what this meant. Some thought that it was an omen of some awful event; and some thought otherwise. This personage soon landed in the midst of the multitude.

I drew near him, to hear from whence he came, and I soon learned that he was from some distant planet, but he refused to give any further information upon the subject. I was then very anxious to watch the actions and movements of the stranger, and hear what he had to say. Some of the Christian part of the multitude soon enqnired [inquired] if he believed and enjoyed religion; he answered that he was entirely ignorant of the Christian religion; but he manifested a willingness to learn the particulars of the same. I was much elated at this, and supposed that he would soon be converted and embrace the Christian faith. Some from all parties rushed forward to enter into conversation with him, each hoping to convince him that his system of religion was superior to others. He was however dissatisfied with their contentious spirit, and called for their rules or statutes; they soon presented the bible to him, extolling it as being the best of all books. In it said they are the principles of the pure Gospel of Christ,-the fountain of light and knowledge. The favorable description they gave of it, induced him to peruse it.

Without any prepossessed opinions he read its sacred pages, and was much pleased with the doctrine therein set forth. He read the history of Christ, and the object of his mission, and was much elated. He read the Gospel of Christ and was overwhelmed with joy to think that he had found a doctrine that guaranteed unto him his soul's salvation, and warranted to him such precious blessings and gifts. He read that God had organized his Church on earth, with apostles, prophets, and had promised various spiritual gifts, such as healing the sick, speaking in other tongues, prophesyings, visions, administration of angels, &c., on conditions of obedience. After he had learned the doctrine of Christ, and the manner the church was organized, and the blessings promised, he resolved that he would go to any length in order to embrace such a religion as this. After he had carefully perused the scriptures, he had no other expectation than that he should find a church organized according to the New Testament pattern, and people enjoying the blessing above mentioned. Indeed, he was conscious in his own mind that those who advised him to read the bible believed all those things, and that they had apostles, and prophets in the church according to the pattern. He immediately solicited some of them in a candid way to give him an introduction to some of their apostles, that he might converse with them on this important subject. The reply was we have no apostles in the church now-a-days.

The stranger was astonished at this, and looked as though he was greatly disappointed in his anticipations, and his hopes were entirely blasted, and he would sink in despair. However, he recovered himself from the shock, and enquired [inquired] for prophets and those who enjoyed some of the spiritual gifts.-The reply was, we have no prophets, and these gifts are no longer needed. He immediately accused them of acting dishonestly with him: first, they informed him that the bible gave a description of their doctrines; but when he read and compared it with their doctrines and enquired [inquired] for apostles & prophets, &c., they denied having any such organization; yet they said they worshipped God according to the scriptures. He declared that they did not believe what they professed, and turned from them much dissatisfied, condemning the whole of the Christian religion and its votaries, saying he would have nothing more to do with them.-They soon, however, said he was deluded, and warned the multitude to beware of him.

After carefully watching the actions of the stranger, and hearing what he had to say, and seeing the manner in which he was treated, the eyes of my understanding were opened, and I saw the condition I was in, and also the awful apostacy [apostasy] of the Church, or of those who professed the Christian religion, and began to contend for the necessity of a continuation of apostles, prophets, &c. I was soon considered a heretic-the finger of scorn was pointed

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at me, and an uproar was raised among the multitude, and they cried, saying, "have nothing to do with this man, for he is deluded." I immediately, with others, who contended for the above mentioned gifts, separated from them, and the dream closed, and I awoke-


The following letter we copy from one of our exchange papers, which places in a striking point of light the tendency of this generation.

It has something more than the bold, clear and eloquent style which we admire, to recommend it to the saints, viz; truth, which, although this generation may be unwilling to admit, will by and by break upon them with tenfold violence and carry away their refuge of lies.


Mr. Editor: I am horror stricken with dreadful facts of almost daily occurrence. Scarcely a newspaper which is not surcharged with terrible accounts of murder, theft, robberies, house-burning or the like. Moral restraint no longer hold men in check.-The ligaments of law are but feeble barriers to licentious man. Ambition, rage, revenge, or lust, are the laws by which he is governed. The most slight insult, is a pretext for shedding a fellow creature's blood, as if the blood of a murdered man had no voice before the throne of the Lord God of heaven and earth. Dirks, Pistols, Bowie-knives, &c., are daily worn by thousands-worn even at the plough [plow].

I tremble for the fate of my country-for the fate of the human family! Where will these things end? What a horrid state of things at this time, compared with the moral situation of the world thirty years ago! What a recklessness of life! How impotent are the laws of God and man in checking the mighty tide of crime!-What is to be the state of society, thirty years hence, if vice should go unchecked at a ratio with the last ten years?-O, heaven! my heart sickens! No human being on the earth will see the fact tested. Long before thirty years, the world will be smitten by the strong arm of Omnipotence! The most imposing events are hanging over the world-at the very doors-events which will put all past events in the shade-obliterating all the epochs of the human family-stamping a new era on the annals of time! These things are true, or I have read the living oracle in vain. These things are true, and the pulpit is crying out peace and safety! These things are true, and are come on the world as a snare; aye, as a snare, or the scriptures are not true. Why as a snare? Because the pulpit is crying "peace and safety!" Oh, what a crash of governments, thrones and empires is awaiting the world, and the pulpit is chaunting [chanting] lullabies to its slumbering care! War, pestilence, and fire, standing in dread array against the human family, and the conservators of its moral weal, hailing the dawn of universal peace-hailing a millenial [millennial] dawn, when the harbingers of war and carnage are standing in bold relief over a guilty world.

They are dreaming about times of refreshing from the presence of the Lord, when we are to have the vials of his wrath! They are clothing in brilliant drapery, the future triumphs of the gospel, when the drama is about to close, and present a theatre [theater] of blood! They are, in imagination, smoothly gliding by the gradual flow of time, into a heaven of repose, without once turning an eye to an intervening vortex which is to engulph [engulf], perhaps, more than half the human family! They are spreading a banquet of peace, and proclaiming the acceptable year of the Lord, when he is about to deluge the world in fire! This tremendous event is passed over by the pulpit, as a doomsday work of Almighty God, when it is to be pre-millenial [millennial], and, probably, consummated on the present generation

A deluge of water once depopulated the world for crime; a similar scourge, by a different element, has a similar mission to perform, and for a like cause. The measure of human crime is coming to the full, and the arm of Omnipotence lifted to "shake terribly the earth;" and the watch quarrelling [quarreling] about creeds territory or gold. The present christian dispensation is about to close like the Jewish-the heavens about to be rolled together

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like a scroll; the stars in that heaven about to be thrown from their orbits, in wild consternation, and the indications overlooked; prophetic allusions to the terrible wreck, mistaken, misapplied, or applied to the wreck of nature; an even without foundation in holy writ. These things are true.-They are not the freaks of a heated imagination; but predicated upon a long, candid, cool, unbiassed [unbiased] investigation of the living oracles; and on the premises we throw the gauntlet to all the clergy, learned or unlearned on earth!

S. M. M'Corkle, a layman.

Conference Minutes.

Minutes of a general Conference held in Philadelphia, April 6th, 1841.

The conference was called to order by Elder B. Winchester; Pres't Hyrum Smith was unanimously called to the chair, and B. Winchester chosen secretary.

The conference was then opened with prayer by the president.

The president then made known, in part, the business of the day, which was as follows; that this branch of the church should be more extensively organized, with necessary officers; viz: a presiding elder, and two counsellors [counselors], to be ordained to the office of the high priesthood, to preside over the spiritual affairs of the church in this place: also, that a bishop and his counsellors [counselors] be ordained, to take charge of the financial affair of the church, and transact such business as the law directs.

The church was then called upon to make choice of men to fill these several stations.

On motion, Elder B. Winchester was chosen and ordained to preside in this branch of the church, Edson Whipple and Wm. Wharton were chosen and ordained to act as assistant counsellors [counselors].

On motion, Jacob Syfrett was chosen and ordained bishop.

Jesse Price and -Nickolson were chosen and ordained to act as the bishop's counsellors [counselors].

Liberty was then given for elders residing at a distance, to represent the various branches of the church.

Elder Lucian R. Foster represented the New York (city) branch to consist of 135 members, including 2 high priests, 9 elders, 3 priests, 2 teachers, and 2 deacons in good standing. He also stated that the work of God was in a prosperous condition in that city, and the vicinity, and gave a general invitation for the travelling [traveling] elders to come to their assistance.

Elder L. D. Barnes represented the Chester County (Pa.) branch to consist of 150 members, firm in the faith of the everlasting gospel, and rejoicing in a hope of a glorious resurrection, and reign with Christ. He also stated, that the lately ordained elders of that branch had been faithful in the discharge of their duty.

Elder E. Snow represented the Monmouth County (N. Y.) branch to consist of 102 members, including 5 elders, 2 priests, and 1 teacher, to be in good standing. He also represented the Toms River branch (N. Y.) to consist of 24 members in good standing and enjoying the spirit of God.

Elder R. Crawford represented the Lancaster County (Pa.) branches, viz: The New Holland branch to consist of 34 members including 1 Elder, 2 Priests and 1 Teacher. The Georgetown branch to consist of 32 members, including 2 Elders, 2 Priests, 1 Teacher & 1 Deacon, firm in the faith, observing to keep the commandments of the Lord, given to his people of the last days. The Octarara branch to consist, to the best of his knowledge, of 21 members, including 1 Elder, 1 Priest, 1 Teacher and 1 Deacon; all in good standing, with one or two exceptions.

Elder J. Newton represented the Burlington (N. Y.) branch to consist of 11 members, including 1 Elder and 1 Priest; all in good standing, enjoying the spirit of God.

Elder L. R. Foster stated that 11 or 12 had lately been baptised [baptized] at a place called Stoney-Brook (Long Island, N. York.)

Elder J. G. Divine represented the following branches, to wit:

The branch at New Rochell, Westchester County, (N. Y.) to consist of 9 members, including 1 Priest, firm in the faith.

The branch at Brooklyn (city) to consist of 15 members, including 1 Priest, firm in the faith.

The Hempstead branch (Long Island) consisting of 33 members, 1 Elder, 1 Teacher and 1 Deacon.

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The Newark, branch (N. J.) consisting of 10 members, in good standing.

The Greenville branch, Monmouth county (N. Y.) consisting of 10 members, 1 Elder, 1 Priest, and 1 Teacher, (built up by Elder T. Curtis.)

The Shrewsbery [N. J.] branch, consisting of 15 members and 1 Priest in good standing.

The branch at Stark River, consisting of 6 members and 1 Deacon in good standing.

He also stated that he had lately baptized two on Staten Island (N. Y.)

Elder Wm. A Moore stated that he had lately baptized 9 in Centreville, New Castle county, (Del.) and that there is a foundation for a still greater work; that even now others are ready for baptism.

On motion, Conference adjourned.

At 2 1-2 o'clock P. M., Conference re-assembled.

Elder B. Winchester represented this branch (at Philadelphia) to consist of 214 members, including 13 Elders, in good standing.

The Chairman then read a resolution of recent date, in which the first Presidency of the Church, and others are commanded to make a solemn proclamation to the Kings of the earth. Also, a commandment for the building of a house of worship at Nauvoo. He also gave some beneficial instctions [instructions] relative to the saints gathering at Nauvoo, at present, instead of any other stake of Zion. And also, some instructions with regard to the use of wine, for the sacrament, bought of our enemies.

On motion, Conference adjourned.

At 7 1-2 in the evening, Conference met pursuant to adjournment, and was opened by singing and prayer.

The congregation was then called upon to bring forward their donation money for the building of the Lord's House at Nauvoo, and put it into the hands of the Chairman, and have their names recorded.

Elder E. Snow made a few appropriate remarks upon the importance and necessity for the saints to contribute liberally for the above work.

The Chairman then gave additional instructions with regard to the duty of the presiding officers.

On motion, Conference adjourned.

April 7th, at 10 1-2 A. M., Conference re-assembled, and was opened by singing and prayer.

On motion, Edward Hunter, and Samuel Forges were ordained to the office of Elders.

Much instruction was given during the day.

On motion, Conference adjourned for three months.

Hyrum Smith, Chairman,

B. Winchester, Secretary.

N. B. There will be a Conference held in this city (Philadelphia) on the 6th of July next.

B. Winchester.

Minutes of a Conference of the church of Latter Day Saints held in Grafton, Lorain Co. Ohio, Feb. 20th, 1841.

The Conference was called to order by Elder Thomas Kee, Zebedee Coltrin was called to the Chair, and R. C. Wetherbee chosen clerk. After singing a hymn the throne of Grace was addressed by the President, and then another hymn was sung. It being presented to the Conference that Andrew Allen, an elder, denied the truth of the book of Mormon, he being present acknowledged the charge true, and the Conference voted that he be no longer a member of this church; and on request, gave up his license.

The president then addressed the conference and congregation of the duty of the elders, and on the different orders of the priesthood; the Articles and Covenants were read, and again the president addressed the congregation on the same. There being several members in the place, who had received the fulness [fullness] of the gospel through the instrumentality of Elder Thomas Kerr and Elder Z. Coltrin, they requested to be organized agreeably to the covenants of said church; which was accordingly done; and several members united with them; making in all twelve members. They then made choice of Thomas Kerr to preside, who was set apart to that office; and W. W. Diger was publicly ordained to the office of Priest.

Voted that this church be recognized as the Grafton branch of the church of Latter Day Saints.

The branch of the church in Brooklyn, Cuyahoga Co. was represented by Elder John Hughs, consisting of 21

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members, including one elder, one priest, and one teacher. The branch in Brownhelm, Lorain Co. was represented by Elder Charles Weeden, consisting of 12 members, including one elder, one priest, and one deacon.

Elder Z. Coltrin represented 6 members in Charleston Lorain Co. Official members present: one high priest, four elders, one priest, and one teacher.

Resolved; that a conference be held at this place, commencing on the third Saturday of May next, at ten o'clock A, M. Elders and brethren are respectfully invited to attend: and elders travelling [traveling] through this section are requested to call.

Z. Coltrin, Pres't.

R. C. Wetherbee Clerk.

City of Nauvoo. May 6, 1841.

To the Editors of the Times and Seasons,


I wish, through the medium of your paper, to make known, that on Sunday last, I had the honor of receiving a visit from the Hon. Stephen A. Douglass, Justice of the Supreme Court and Judge of the fifth Judicial Circuit of the State of Illinois, and Cyrus Walker Esq. of Macomb, who expressed great pleasure in visiting our city, and were astonished at the improvements which were made. They were officially introduced to the congregation who had assembled on the meeting ground, by the Mayor; and they severally addressed the assembly. Judge Douglass, expressed his satisfaction of what he had seen and heard respecting our people and took that opportunity of returning thanks to the citizens of Nauvoo, for confering [conferring] upon him the freedom of the city, stating that he was not aware of rendering us any service, sufficiently important to deserve such marked honor; and likewise spoke in high terms of our location and the improvements we had made, and that our enterprise and industry were highly creditable to us indeed.

Mr. Walker spoke much in favor of the place, the industry of the citizens &c. and hoped they would continue to enjoy all the blessing and priveleges [privileges] of our free and glorious Constitution, and as a patriot and a freeman he was willing at all times to stand boldly in defence [defense] of liberty and law.

It must indeed be satisfactory to this community to know, that kind and generous feelings exist in the heart of men of such high reputation and moral and intellectual worth.

Judge Douglass has ever proved himself friendly to this people; and interested himself to obtain for us our several charters, holding at that time the office of Secretary of State. Mr. Walker also ranks high, and has long held a standing at the bar, which few attain, and is considered one of the most able and profound jurists in the state.

The sentiments they expressed on the occasion, were highly honorable to them as American citizens, and as gentlemen.

How different their conduct, from that of the official characters in the state of Missouri, whose minds were prejudiced to such an extent, that instead of mingling in our midst and ascertaining for themselves our character, kept entirely aloof, but were ready at all times to listen to those who had the "poison of adders under their tongues," and who sought our overthrow.

Let every person who may have inbibed [imbibed] sentiments prejudicial to us, imitate the honorable example of our distinguished visitors, (Douglass & Walker) and I believe they will find much less to condemn then [than] they anticipated, and probably a great deal to commend.

What makes the late visit more pleasing, is the fact, that Messrs. Douglass & Walker, have long been held in high estimation as politicians, being champions of the two great parties that exist in the State; but laying aside all party strife, like brothers, citizens, and friends, they mingle with us, mutually disposed to extend to us courtesy, respect and friendship, which I hope, we shall ever be proud to reciprocate.

I am, very respectfully, yours &c.

Joseph Smith.

Pittsurg, Santa Fee and Rocky Mountains.-Passing by our friend A. Beelen, Esq. Commission Merchant, Market street, we observed a parcel of

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goods marked Santa Fe, and upon enquiry [inquiry] found 104 bales and boxes from Eastern cities, marked S. Houch, Santa Fe. Mr. Bellen informed us he was shipping these goods in a Steamboat for Independence, Missouri, and that they would be thence taken in wagons to Santa Fe, a distance of 897 miles by land. He also informed us that goods were also consigned to him for the American Fur Company from the Eastern cities, to be sent on steam boats to St. Louis, and then loaded in steamers to the Yellow Stone, 3060 miles-there re-loaded into Keel boats & taken to the very head of the Missouri river to the Company's fort and store, in the Rocky Mountains, 600 miles farther.-The whole distance to which from the Eastern cities, is about 4640 miles. Such is the spirit of trade and commerce.-Pitts. Adv.

Times and Seasons.

City of Nauvoo.

Saturday, May 15, 1841.

Summary of News From the Elders Abroad.


Elder John D. Lee, writes from Rutherford co., stating that he had been laboring with success in that county, and had baptized upwards of thirty, in that and surrounding counties; had held five debates, with different ministers, and that the principles of Truth were triumphant. He had labored part of the time with Elders T. M. Edwards and Webster, and also states that the prospect is very flattering, and that he has more calls than he can fill, and requests one or more elders to go to his assistance. The people generally, are wealthy, industrious, and intelligent; kind and benevolent to strangers.

New York.

We received a letter from Bro. Isaac C. Haight, dated Cayuga co., stating that a Conference of the members of the church, had been held in West Niles, and a branch organized. The work was spreading, and twenty six had been recently baptized, and that many were enquiring [inquiring] after truth.

Upper Canada

We have been favoured [favored] with the perusal of a letter from Elder John Morrison, who had sounded the alarm in the neighborhood of Kingston in company with Elder Bates; they had baptized about 20 and more were believing.

The ministers of different denominations, had endeavored to put down the gospel, and Bro. Bates had been challenged to discuss the subject of religion with several of them, and they not being able to answer his arguments, the congregation got into an uproar, the same as the Ephesians did when the Apostle Paul preached unto them 'Jesus and the resurrection."

He says, "You that left this place have reason to rejoice, for I can tell you that it is ripening as fast as it can for the judgments of God. The fear and love of God does not reign in priest or people. Were it not for the laws guaranteeing the liberty of conscience they would soon establish an inquisition. Many cattle are starving in consequence of the long cold winter, the wheat crops were nothing last summer. I understand some are discontented and wish themselves back; if this be so, I pray the God of Heaven to open their eyes, that they may behold and appreciate the goodness of God towards them. They ought to be thankful for having the privilege of going, and ought not to repine against God. I would put them in mind of the days of Moses, and the sufferings of the Children of Israel forty years while travelling [traveling] in the wilderness. Tell them to rejoice, that they are where they are, even if they have not half sufficient clothing and only one meal a day. All the brethren here are willing to go to-morrow if they could get their places sold, at any rate. I would not stay here another summer if I was obliged to beg my way, and go on my hand and knees."

New Orleans

We are informed by a letter, to President Joseph Smith, that Elder H. Sagers had arrived in that great city, and commenced to proclaim the fullness of the everlasting gospel to the inhabitants thereof. Elder Sagers writes as follows: "I have held three meetings in this city, and I can truly say the prospects are good. We have crowded congregations, who pay great attention; many appear to feel deeply interested, and I have no doubt but there are hundreds

(page 415)


here who will receive the truth; for the people here have not got so much religion but what there is room for more. Bro. Stickney, who has recently joined the church, has just come down from a place three miles above here, bringing intelligence that the Mayor and Judges of the place have offered their assistance to procure a house for preaching. We are getting up quite an excitement here."

"The Mormons. The steamer Marmion, arrived day before yesterday, and brought a large number of Mormons on their way to Nauvoo. We learn that this fanatic tribe are growing to an unparalleled extent, and that they are sending out missionaries and establishing Jo Smith Bible Societies. The credulity and gullibility of human nature are enough to turn the heart sick, and lead an intelligent man to inquire of himself whether it be possible that he really belongs to the same race of beings as these wretched creatures."

The above is from the St. Louis "Pennant and Native American," edited by G. G. Foster. The illiberal spirit manifest in it, and other articles which have lately graced his paper, respecting the Mormons, call for a passing remark.

The fact that our church is 'growing to an unparrralleled [unparalleled] extent' we cheerfully admit, and also that we are sending out missionaries, without purse and scrip, the same as the ancient followers of Christ did, but it is the first time that we heard of "Jo Smith's Bible Societies."

It is true, we are anxious to promulgate the Bible throughout the world, and not only so, but to impress upon all persons to read and believe the same, and walk by its precepts; and we do think that if the editor of the "Pennant and Native American" would study its sacred pages, and endeavour [endeavor] to practise [practice] its divine precepts, such scurrility would not be found in its columns.

With respect to the concluding remarks, we would say, that if mankind were of the same stamp as the editor of the "Pennant and Native American," we should not be proud of the relationship.

We believe that the same disgraceful spirit which characterized the proceedings of the upper Missourians, when they, contrary to all law and justice, rose up against a peaceful and unoffensive [inoffensive] people, because they worshiped [worshipped] God according to the dictates of their own consciences, pervades the mind of the Editor. With such master spirits we do not, neither do we want to hold any affinity. We are, however, glad to know that this is not the feeling of every 'Native American.' No! there are, thank God, thousands who are worthy the character of Americans, and are willing that the great principles of the Constitution, should be enjoyed by all, who are obedient to its laws.

In another part of this number, will be found the general orders for the Nauvoo Legion on the 3rd of July, proximo.

We hope, that those of our friends in this county, who have not yet enrolled their names in the Legion, will lose no time in doing so, and make every preparation to appear to advantage on the day of general muster.

It has been rumored by our enemies, that, the Legion was got up for sinister and illegal purposes. This we deny. It is not confined to us as a people, but all the citizens of the county have the privelege [privilege] of, and are respectfully invited to unite with the same.

It is true, we are desirous to excel all other military organizations in this state, or in the United State; but this ought not to be a cause of envy, or prejudice in any one, but rather of honorable emulation.

It is well known, that Gen. Bennett has for some time been striving to organize the militia of this state, on a plan which would make them more effective in the time of emergency. The example of his skill and ability, to effect that object, so necessary for the, public weal, is now fairly before the public; and as lovers of our country we hope that it will be satisfactory and be adopted by the citizens of this state.

In time of peace, it is necessary to prepare for war; the following remarks of Gen. Washington to both houses of Congress in 1793 are so appropriate, that we cheerfully give them a place.

(page 416)


"I am pressing upon you the necessity of placing ourselves in a condition of complete defence [defense], and exact the fulfilment [fulfillment] of duties towards us. The people ought not to indulge a persuasion contrary to the order of human events. There is a rank due to the nation, which will be withheld if not lost, by the known weakness and absolute neglect to improve our system of defence [defense]. If we desire to avoid insult we must be ready to repel it."

-> The Circuit Court of Hancock County, commenced it sitings [sittings] on the 3rd inst. Judge Douglass presiding.-All parties bear testimony, that he is eminently qualified for the station he occupies. A large number of suits have already been disposed of.


From our exchange papers, we learn that the recents [recent] elections held in the Canadas, have been attended with unparalleled riots and loss of life. Party spirit rages to an alarming extent.

-> It is ascertained, that the recent murder and incendiarism, at St Louis, were perpetrated by some free negroes. The officer of justice are in active pursuit, and have succeeded in arresting two of the offenders.

Nauvoo Legion.

Head-Quarters, Nauvoo Legion, }

City of Nauvoo Ill, May 4, A. D. 1841}

General Orders.

Pursuant to an act of the Court Martial, the troops attached or belonging to the Legion, will parade at the place of general rendezvous, in the City of Nauvoo, for drill, review, and inspection, on Saturday, the 3rd day of July proximo, at half past 9 o'clock, A. M. armed and equipped according to law.

At 10 o'clock the line will be formed, and the general officers conducted to their posts, under a fire of artillery.

The commandants of the 1st and 2nd companies, 2nd Battallion [Battalion] , 1st Regiment, 2nd Cohort, are directed to enroll every man residing within the bounds of their respective commands, and not attached to any other company of the Legion, between the ages of 18 and 45 years, and notify them of their attachment to the service, and their legal liabilities.

As will be seen by the following legal opinion of Judge Douglass, of the Supreme Court of the State of Illinois, than whom no man stands more deservedly high in the public estimation, as an able and profound jurist, politician, and statesman; the officers and privates, belonging to the Legion are exempt from all military duty not required by the legally constituted authorities thereof; they are therefore expressly inhibited from performing any military services not ordered by the general officers, or directed by the Court Martial.

City of Nauvoo, Ill.,}

May 3rd, A. D. 1841}

General Bennett:-

Dear Sir: In reply to your request, I have examined so much of the Nauvoo City Charter, and legislative acts, as relate to the "Nauvoo Legion," and am clearly of opinion that "any citizen of Hancock County who may attach himself to the 'Nauvoo Legion,' has all the privileges which appertain to that independent military body," and is "exempt from all other military duty," as provided in the 25th section of the City-charter; and cannot, therefore, be fined by any military or civil court, for neglecting or refusing to parade with any other military body, or under the command of any officers who are not attached to said Legion. The language of the laws upon this subject is so plain and specific as to admit of no doubt at to its true meaning and intent. I do not consider it necessary, therefore, to enter into an argument to prove a position which is evident from an inspection of the laws themselves.

I am, very respectfully,

your friend,

S. A. Douglass.

The Legion is not, as has been falsely represented by its enemies, exclusively a Mormon military association, but a body of citizen-soldiers organized (without regard to political preferences or religious sentiments) for the public defence [defense], the general good, and the preservation of law and order‚ to save the innocent, unoffending citizen from the iron grasp of the oppressor, and perpetuate and sustain our free institutions against misrule, anarchy, and mob

(page 417)


violence-no other views are entertained or tolerated.

The general parades of the Legion will be in the city of Nauvoo, but all other musters will be within the bounds of the respective Companies, Battalions, Regiments, and Cohorts.

The 8th Sec. of "An Act for the organization and government of the Militia of this State" in force July 2nd, 1833, provides that "when any person shall enroll himself in a volunteer company, he shall forthwith give notice in writing to the commanding officer of the company in which he was enrolled," &c., and that the commanding officer of a regiment, or battalion, may in a certain contingency, 'dissolve such company;' and some of the petty, ignorant and impudent militia officers maintain that such is till the law: but those blind leaders of the blind are informed that 11th Sec., of 'An act encouraging volunteer companies,' approved March 2nd, 1837, reads as follows: 'So much of the 8th Section of an act entitled an act for the organization and government of the militia of this State, in force July 2nd, 1833, as requires a volunteer to give notice in writing to the commanding officer of the company in which he was enrolled, and authorizes commandants of Regiments to disband Independent Companies, be, and the same is hereby repealed.' If officers act upon the obsolete laws of the 'little book,' which have been repealed years since, it will be sweet to the taste, but 'make the belly bitter;' and should any civil or military officer attempt to enforce the collection of any military fines upon the members of the Legion, excepting when such fines are assessed by the Court Martial of the Legion, such persons are directed to apply to the Master in Chancery, for Hancock county, for an injunction to stay the illegal proceedings.

The militia companies of Hancock county, and citizens generally, are respectfully invited to unite with the Legion, and partake of its privileges.

Persons holding enrolling orders are directed to act with energy, consummate their trust, and make prompt returns to the office of the Major General. The Lieutenant General desires that all his friends should attach themselves to some company either in the 1st or 2nd Cohort. This will enable them to receive correct military instruction under the teachings of experienced officers, according to the drill and discipline of the United States Army-and qualify them for efficient service in the cause of their beloved country, and State, in the hour of peril.

The eleven companies of minute men will at all times hold themselves in readiness to execute the laws, as originally instructed by the general officers.

The officers and troops of the Legion are directed to treat with proper respect and decorum, all other officers and troops in the service of this State, or of the United States.

The 2nd Company, (Light Infantry,) 1st Battalion, 1st Regiment, 2nd Cohort; and the 1st Company, (Lancers,) 1st Battalion, 3rd Regiment, 2nd Cohort, of the Legion, will act as an escort for the reception of such visiting companies from Illinois, and Iowa, as may be present. Should the Governor be present, it will be announced by a fire of artillery by the 1st and 2nd Companies, 1st Battalion, 1st Regiment, 1st Cohort; and the 1st Company, 1st Battalion, 1st Regiment, 2nd Cohort, when he will be received by the entire legion with the honors due so conspicuous a personage as the Commander-in-Chief of the forces of the state.

Officers receiving copies of these orders, will promulgate the same without delay throughout the bounds of their respective commands.

Joseph Smith,

Lieutenant General.

John C. Bennett,

Major General.

Editors throughout the State of Illinois, who are favorable to the effective organization of the Militia, are respectfully requested to copy the following:

(page 418)


State of Illinois, City of Nauvoo,}

Quarter Master General's Office,}

May 8th, A. D. 1841}

To The Militia of Illinois:-

Having an intimate acquaintance with your present organization, and supply of public arms, I am clearly of the opinion that the public service, and the best interests of the State, require that all new Independent Companies to be enrolled, and organized, during the present year, should be riflemen, either mounted or foot, (the State being pretty well supplied with swords, pistols, muskets and cannon,) and have determined, therefore, to make the designation and requisition on the Ordnance Department of the General Government, accordingly. You would do well, therefore, to organize in view of receiving arms of that description, and file your bonds, duly authenticated, with the Governor of the State, as all applications will be filled in order of date, until the distribution is consummated. I have finished the distribution for 1838, '39, and '40, excepting a few six pounder cannon which are ready for delivery to first applicants.

John C. Bennett,

Quarter Master General of Ill.

From the Belleville Advocate.

Mr. Boyd: I have read with much interest, the "Inaugural Address" of Dr. John C. Bennett, of the city of Nauvoo, which was delivered to the City Council on the 3rd of February last, as published in the "Times and Seasons."

It is a document which, I think, is entitled to the particular notice of our respectable fellow-citizens; and if it should meet your views, as it does mine, diffusing a will to promote morality and science, I would be proud to see it in its verbatum [verbatim] character, portrayed in the columns of your widely-circulating paper, the "Belleville Advocate."

I am and have been long acquainted with Dr. Bennett, both as a physician, and minister of the Gospel; and his present character in the military department of this State, is not inferior to any in existence, throughout the Union.

With this communication, you will receive the Address.

With sentiments of respect,

I have the honor to be,

Yours, respectfully, &c.

W. G. Goforth.

Belleville, Ill. March 22, 1841.

We should be happy to comply with the requst [request] of our worthy and estemed [esteemed] M. D. friend, "Old Pills" to publish the "Address," entire, which he was kind enough to furnish us; but the press of other matter prevents. We have given it an attentive perusal; and heartily concur with the sentiments contained therein. Certainly, they ought to be the guide of those who are placed in immediate authority over the morals of community, and Mayor Bennett clearly understands his duties. We shall make some extracts from his speech; and earnestly commend them to our readers. We think, our "town" Trustees might profit by the example that is set them, by the Mayor of Nauvoo.

For the Rocky Mountains.-The steamer Trapper, belonging to the American Fur Company left here yesterday for the Yellow stone river. On board were a large number of hunters, all of whom appeared in the highest spirits; and the deck was strewed with their paraphernalia. A number of the fair sex were standing on the levee, with the heart-felt tear in their eyes, as they waved their handkerchiefs and sighed an adieu, when the boat left the landing. She will be absent about four months. Our Eastern brethren expatiate on the pleasures of a trip with their Atlantic steamers; out, pshaw, it is nothing in comparison to our inland voyage. There, all is dull and monotonous, nothing to relieve the eye; nothing to attract the attention, excepting perhaps a Mother Cary's chicken, or the fin of a shark. Here, every day brings a change of scenery, each vieing [vying] with the other in grandeur. What a glorious trip for a worshipper of nature.-St. Louis Bu. April

-> We hope to be able to lay before our readers in our next, an important revelation, given to Pres't J. Smith some time ago, which has not yet been published.

From the (Warsaw) Western World.

Sketches of Hancock County.

No. VII.-Geography and Topography,

This County is bounded on the north by the Counties of Henderson and Warren; on the South by the County of Adams; on the east by the Counties of McDonough and Schuyler: and on the west by the Mississippi river, which separates it from the State of Missouri, and the Territory of Iowa. It embraces twenty two Townships, each 6 miles square-beginning on the S. E. with Township 3 North and 5 West. and ending on the N. W. with Township. 7 North and 8 West. In shape it is nearly a perfect square-having five tiers on each boundary-abridged of three only by a magnificent bend in the Father of Waters, which increases the extent of our water communication. The face of the country is mostly level, with some beautiful undulations, and

(page 419)


near the streams, a few bold hills. The soil of the County is rich, and well adapted to the purposes of agriculture. As much has been said by superficial observers and thoughtless complainers, of the disproportion of prairie and wet land in Hancock, I shall be justified in attempting to set these in their true light. It is unfortunate for the interest of our County, in these respects, that two or three of our principal roads are located over those small glades, or strips of ground which are calculated to give to the unthinking an unfavorable impression of the character of the soil. Hence the frequent cries of "bogs, mud holes, ponds, crawfish-county, Atlantic ocean, out of sight of land &c-these last two are intended to give an idea of the great extent of our prairie. But, I think, a thorough, impartial examination of the subject will wholly remove or greatly diminish the ground of the complaints.

1st. As to the alledged [alleged] disproportion of prairie in Hancock. Bisect, the county in the centre [center], north and south, and examine the east half. Start from Pulaski and go through to La Harp; then travel from that place through Carthage to Chili, and while in nineteen out of twenty points of observation, you will see the most delightful and equal proportion of prairie and timber interspersed the one with the other; you will not discover a single point, where a settler could locate himself more than two or three miles from timber in your whole route. Nor is there any wet land in those parts of the county, to be complained of. Thus we can dispose of one-half of Hancock with satisfaction. Run a line due west from the centre [center] of the county to the Mississippi, and what complaint in relation to a deficiency of timber would you find south of the line? Three or four miles is the farthest you can locate from timber in that direction. And even as to the great bug-bear of "all prairie" north west of our centre [center]-it is questioned whether a single quarter section of land can be found five miles from timber there. Let then the settler take but a small capital only, and, when we considered how rapidly and easily timber can be grown, together with the richness and feasibility of the soil, with suitable exertion by economy in building, with the use of sod fence, and a cheap cook stove to save fuel-there can be nothing insurmountable or even formidable, in the difficulties to be overcome in such a location-even the most remote from timber. Then as to the alleged great quantity of wet land, in the County. Any one who shall make a careful estimate and examination by the acre and quarter section, will be greatly and agreeably surprised to find how few parcels of land, even large enough for a farm can be reckoned in the County, which are too wet for successful and advantageous cultivation. The truth is, people on long journies [journeys] , or with heavy loads, at unfavourable [unfavorable] season of the year-particularly in the spring-themselves and teams worn down by fatigue, when fast in the slough or a ravine, are but poor judges of the thousands of acres of land surrounding their position, and to which they are paying no attention. People in such and indeed more favourable [favorable] circumstance, will have traveled over miles upon miles of most delightful and valuable soil-enjoying perhaps the refreshing influences of "kind nature's sweet restorer, balmy sleep;" at all events insensible of their progress, and the objects that surround them-when they at length, are impeded by a few yards of marshy ground-or even by a single slough-their antipathies are aroused at once and lo! what a terrible road! what a wet worthless country they are traveling through! and having finished the toils of the day, very probably the little point at which they were perplexed, will occupy more space and importance in their memories, than the thirty of forty miles of delightful traveling, which they have measured since they put up for their last night's lodging and repose. Is this philosophical!-is it reasonable! Above all should the character of a county suffer from such childish folly and injustice? But I am not to be understood to deny, that there is some wet land-say enough for a half dozen farms of some thousand acres, in Hancock County. And yet, that man, who should deal out wholesale condemnations of the county for this reason, on the same principle, might denounce the whole American Union as sterile and valueless because of a few uninhabitable places in the Allegheny or Rocky Mountains, or the existence of an impassible [impassable] swamp in Florida. He might with the same propriety, discard the whole navigation of the Ohio or Mississippi because of a few sand-bars-or that of the Atlantic on account of a few shoals and reefs, occupying the millionth part of her ample bosom. The writer while traveling, last October, through the south and west portions of Warren county, and the North West portion of Hancock, made a somewhat careful comparison of the two counties in those sections, and was totolly [totally] unable to detect such a difference between them as many have assumed. Indeed it is believed, that nineteen twentieths of this County will chalenge [challenge] comparison with any of the contiguous counties. A word as to the cultivation of our wettest soil and I have done. Two years since I traveled in company with a gentleman of Morgan County across 8 miles of Prairie in this county. After sometime listening to the expression of admiration from that gentleman passed upon the face and soil of the section we had been traveling over, I remarked to the Morgan County friend, that we had some wet Prairie in Hancock. No matter for that, was the prompt reply. "It will all be equally valuable in the end. Indeed some of our wettest land proves to be the most valuable in the end-as it neither has 'seeps' nor washes way. In Morgan County, near my residence, some 15 years ago, there was quite a body of land, which was constantly covered with water, and no one expected then ever to see it good for anything. But it has been drained, ridged, and cultivated since, and is now valuable as any land in that county.' On this the reader is entitled to his reflections.


The above article is from the pen of a gentleman of high standing in this county, and we recommend it to our friends in the east, who may, from report, have imbibed wrong opinions respecting this county.

(page 420)


Poetry Inspired Writings

Revelations now coming forth, Judah's writing and Joseph's too,

Are sublime and eternal truth; Each testifies the other's true;

In them Jehovah's voice proclaims, They teach the same when searched thro'.

This is my church, enroll your names. Believe them both, we're bound to do.

The word of wisdom's a sure guide The Lord hath said "I'll make them one,

To all who do the same abide; As I command let it be done;

Its promises are very great. For a short work I now will make,

Though I the same need not relate. And Israel from the heathen take."

Enbalmed [Embalmed] records, plates of gold, "To their own lands on mountains high,

Glorious things to us unfold; I'll bring them with a watchful eye;

Though sealed up they long have been, To them the kingdom I'll restore

To give us light they now begin. And be their king forever more.

Long since to Daniel God did say, The book of Jasher has been found,

"Seal up the book and go thy way: And many more hid in the ground;

For many shall be purified, All these, with Enoch's book, unfold

By sacrifice they shall be tried." And spread true light from pole to pole.

A noble man of ancient birth Those things are true we testify,

Beheld the same spring from the earth; And all who do with them comply,

And many more in visions saw Will in eternity rejoice,

The books which now contain the law. That they have made so wise a choice

Samuel Brown.

The Storm Calmed.

Tis darkness all! no star appears And soon that ship must be a wreck:

Upon the dusky brow of night; But who is this that lies asleep,

No moon the anxous [anxious] watcher cheers, While all besides in anguish weep?

Nor charms him with her gentle light

While one small ship, its sails are riven, The stranger wakes from his repose

Abides the furious blasts of heaven. And eyes the storm with looks serene,

He speaks; the list'ning water flows

Loud and more loud the billows roar, Calm as in Eden's peaceful scene!

And dash the white foam o'er the deck; The winds his high commands obey,

The storm is fiercer than before; And in soft whispers die away.

-> Dr. John C. Bennett has been appointed Master in Chancery for this county by Judge Douglass.

A Card

The subscriber, in returning his acknowledgements [acknowledgments] to his friends in this city and the public generally, would also inform them that he has just received the latest fashions direct from Philadelphia, (through the politeness of President Hyrum Smith,) and is prepared to turn off work with despatch [dispatch] and in the best and most fashionable style John Bills, Taylor.

P. S. All kinds of military coats made according to the latest pattern.


Lieut. Gen. Jos. Smith, Maj. Gen. J. C. Bennett, Brig. Gen. Wilson Law,

Brig. Gen. D. C. Smith, Col. Wm Law, Col. John S. Fulmer.

Nauvoo, April 30th 1841.

Information wanted.

Hannah Henderson desires information from her husband Samuel W. Henderson, who left home (Nauvoo city) for the east last July, and not been heard of since.

N. B. Editors will please give the above publicity.

New Arrival

The undersigned having just received, by the steamer Otter, a cheap and well selected assortment of new goods at his store on Main street, No. 22, consisting of Dry Goods, Groceries, Crockery, Glass, and Hardware, Drugs and Medicines, Paints and Dye Stuffs, all of which he will sell low for ready pay only.

N. B. Those indebted to me either by note or account, will please call at my store and pay them up on or before the 16th day of June next, or I shall leave them for collection without respect of persons.

City of Nauvoo, Ill. April 19th, 1841. C. W. Lyon.


The subscriber wishes to inform the citizens of Nauvoo, and Zarahemla, that he will pay flour for hides and skins delivered at Bates Noble's in Zarahemla. He also will tan on shares. Alvin C. Grave. April 10th, 1841.

Wanted by the Subscriber, a good Book Binder; none but those who are thoroughy [thoroughly] acquainted with the business need appy [apply]. E. Robinson,

Nauvoo May 1, 1841

(page 421)



On Tuesday the 11th inst. as the steam boat Sarah Ann, was ascending the river a little below this city, the body of an individual was seen floating on the water. Immediately a small boat was manned and came up to the corpse, which was taken to the opposite shore. On examination, it proved to be the body of an individual, who, it is supposed, had drowned himself at Fort Madison, about eight or ten days ago. The name we did not ascertain, but understood he was a baker by trade.

The conduct of the officers on board the "Sarah Ann" was praise worthy and humanu, [humane], and such as must entitle them to respect.


The Courier de Lyon of the 13th ult. publishes a letter from Italy of the 4th, stating that the city of Reggio, in Calabria, was nearly destroyed by an earthquake, Feb. 22d. The shocks were fifteen in number; most of the houses were thrown down, and the rest were so much damaged as to be altogether uninhabitable; the palace of the governer, [governor] the tribunal, the prison, the barracks of St. Augustine, the cathedral, five other churches, and various other public buildings, were entirely destroyed. The inhabitants had sought refuge partly at Messina and partly at Naples.


ILLINOIS. City of Springfield I. H. Bishop.

City of Quincy, S. B. Stoddard.

Victoria, Knox co. John Gaylord.

Mt. Pulaski, Logan co. Jabez Capps.

Pleasant Vale, Pike co. Wm. Draper,

Pittsfield, Pike co. Harlow Redfield.

Pittsfield, Pike co. Daniel B. Bush, P. M.

PENNSYLVANIA. City of Philadelphia, Joseph H. Newton

City of Philadelphia, Erastus Snow,

Centerville, Crawford co. Stephen Post.

NEW YORK City of New York George J. Adams.

City of New York, L. R. Foster

City of Albany Albert Brown.

West Leyden, Lewis co. J. L. Robinson.

NEW HAMPSHIRE. Gilsum, Chilon Mack, P. M.

Lisbon, Grafton co. Zadock Parker.

TENNESSEE Pekin, Jackson co. Wm. R Vance

Whitleyville, Jackson co. T. K. Witcher.

KENTUCKY. Centre Point, Monroe co. Wm. Dixon.

OHIO. Kirtland, Lake co. Almon Babbitt.

Kirtland, Lake co. W. W. Phelps.

West Milton, Dr. Harvey Tate.

Andover, Ashtabula co. James M. Adams.

Livonia, Wayne co. Rufus Beach

INDIANA. Pleasant Garden, Dr. Knight.

LOUISANA (LOUISIANA). City of New Orleans, E. G. Terrill.

ENGLAND. City of Manchester, P. P. Pratt.

City of Preston, J. P. Fielding

City of London H. C. Kimball

City of London W. Woodruff

City of London G. A. Smith

ISLE OF MAN. Douglass, John Taylor.

SCOTLAND. City of Edinburgh, Orson Pratt.

TRAVELING AGENTS. John E. Page. Orson Hyde.

Daniel Tyler, Wm. O. Clark,

Z. Coultrin. John Cairn,

Lorenzo Barnes, Joseph Ball,

J. Savage Samuel Parker

Daniel Shearer, Robert P. Crawford,

Henry Lumereaux, James Standing,

J. M. Grant L. M. Davis

Joshua Grant, F. G. Bishop,

G. H. Brandon, John Riggs,

Lorenzo Snow, James Blakeslee,

Norman Shearer, F. D. Richards

A. B. Tomlinson, Elisha H. Groves,

Charles Thompson, Ben. Johns

Wm. Smith

Julian Moses Z. H. Gurley,

G. W. Harris,

Amasa Lyman, David Evens

Daniel S. Thomas, Jesse Turpin.

The Times and Seasons, is edited by D. C. Smith, & R. B. Thompson,

And published on the first and fifteenth of every month, on the corner of Water and Bain Streets, Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois, by

D. C. Smith.

TERMS.-TWO DOLLARS per annum, payable in all cases in advance. Any person procuring five new subscribers, and forwarding us 10 Dollars current money, shall receive one volume gratis. Letters on business must be addressed to Publisher POST PAID.

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