SECTION 111

This section on marriage is not a revelation. It was prepared while the Book of Doctrine and Covenants was being compiled and was read by W. W. Phelps at the general assembly of August 17, 1835. It was adopted unanimously by that assembly as part of the Book of Doctrine and Covenants. It has been retained in every edition of the book published by the Reorganization, and the church knows no other law of marriage than that which is set forth here.

[Sec 111:1a] According to the custom of all civilized nations, marriage is regulated by laws and ceremonies:

[Sec 111:1b] therefore we believe, that all marriages in this Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints should be solemnized in a public meeting, or feast, prepared for that purpose:

[Sec 111:1c] and that the solemnization should be performed by a presiding high priest, high priest, bishop, elder, or priest, not even prohibiting those persons who are desirous to get married, of being married by other authority.

[Sec 111:1d] We believe that it is not right to prohibit members of this church from marrying out of the church, if it be their determination so to do, but such persons will be considered weak in the faith of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

[Sec 111:2a] Marriage should be celebrated with prayer and thanksgiving; and at the solemnization, the persons to be married, standing together, the man on the right, and the woman on the left, shall be addressed, by the person officiating, as he shall be directed by the Holy Spirit; and if there be no legal objections, he shall say, calling each by their names:

[Sec 111:2b] "You both mutually agree to be each other's companion, husband and wife, observing the legal rights belonging to this condition; that is, keeping yourselves wholly for each other, and from all others, during your lives?"

[Sec 111:2c] And when they have answered "Yes," he shall pronounce them "husband and wife" in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, and by virtue of the laws of the country and authority vested in him:

[Sec 111:2d] "May God add his blessings and keep you to fulfill your covenants from henceforth and for ever. Amen."

[Sec 111:3] The clerk of every church should keep a record of all marriages solemnized in his branch.

[Sec 111:4a] All legal contracts of marriage made before a person is baptized into this church, should be held sacred and fulfilled.

[Sec 111:4b] Inasmuch as this Church of Christ has been reproached with the crime of fornication, and polygamy: we declare that we believe that one man should have one wife; and one woman but one husband, except in case of death, when either is at liberty to marry again.

[Sec 111:4c] It is not right to persuade a woman to be baptized contrary to the will of her husband, neither is it lawful to influence her to leave her husband.

[Sec 111:4d] All children are bound by law to obey their parents; and to influence them to embrace any religious faith, or be baptized, or leave their parents without their consent, is unlawful and unjust.

[Sec 111:4e] We believe that all persons* who exercise control over their fellow--beings, and prevent them from embracing the truth, will have to answer for that sin.

* (Note: The 1835 D&C included an addendum with a correction to verse 4e: "We believe that husbands, parents and masters who exercise control over their wives, children and servants, and prevent them from embracing the truth, will have to answer for that sin." This is also found in Messenger & Advocate, 1:163, August 1835.)